Thursday, 23 January 2014

The three armed Triskelion was once a popular emblem amongst the Volkish and ‘back to the Land’ movements of pre WW2 Europe.

In the UK many of the smaller NS organisations used a stylised Triskelion as an emblem. The Nordic League was on such group.

The Soil Association was another ‘Blood and Soil’ type movement which had its origins in the UK and used a stylised Triskellion as an emblem.  Today they are known worldwide as certifiers of organic food and promoters of organic farming – two very worthwhile causing in my opinion. But they are far less open on promoting the views of their founding members!

Rolf Gardiner was one founding member. Henry Rolf Gardiner was born 5th November, and was a key rural revivalist. He founded a number of ruralist groups and became involved with English Nationalist and various organic movements between the wars. Gardiner was also responsible for the revival of many Folk-Dance groups, and in 1922 had toured Germany with one such group. In 1924 he founded the Travelling Morrice. In 1927 he set up the Gore Kinship – based on Gore Farm in Dorset, which had been bought by Henry Balfour Gardiner, and started a large scale reforestation program. In 1932 he married the daughter of the Irish fabric designer – Marabel Hodgkin, and in 1933 they bought an Estate at Springhead, in Dorset. The Estate became the focus point form where he worked, and became a Trust in 1962.

In 1920 the magazine Youth was launched. This had been a left leaning magazine, but by 1923 Gardiner had become its editor, and the magazine became nationalist and pro-German. Whilst a student, Gardiner had also joined the Kibbo Kift. This influenced Gardiner’s political views and he became interested in Social Credit. He used the magazine to publish articles by John Hargrave - who headed the Kibbo Kift. Hargrave later transformed the Kibbo Kift into the Social Credit Party of Great Britain, more commonly called The Green Shirts. His views on Social Credit were also influenced by A R Orage. Gardiner later stopped working alongside Hargraves. Gardiner had been heavily influenced by D H Lawrence whilst he had been a Youth Leader in the 20’s and had visited Lawrence in Switzerland. Lawrence had not been a supporter of Hargraves. In 1929 Gardiner was writing for the German youth movement magazines. He also had debated with Leslie Paul about the German Youth Movements, and these where published in The Adelphi.   In 1928 he wrote a series of articles for publications on Race. He argued for a ‘united and pagan England and German”. He became a supporter of the National Socialist’s pro-Rural policies. He was in contact with Walter Darre, who headed the National Socialist’s rural programs and was the Reich’s Peasant Leader. From 1933, Gardiner was writing for German publications and expressed anti-Semitic views.

Gardiner became involved with the ‘English Mistery’, an esoteric group active in England from the 1930’s. The English Mistery (sometimes referred to as the English Mystery) was formed by William Sanderson and was anti-democratic and ultra-royalist. Other members included the British Nietzschean Anthony Ludivici, journalist Collin Brooks, Graham Seton Hutchinson, who in 1933 founded the extreme-right National Workers Movement. Other members were a small number of Conservative MPs, and also Gerard Vernon Wallop (9th Earl of Portsmouth). Wallop later left the English Mistery to form the English Array, to which Gardiner also joined.   The Array promoted a ‘Back to the land’ ideal. Gardiner and Wallop also founded the Kinship in Husbandry in 1941. The Kinship became the precursor organisation of the Soil Association which formed in 1946. One other of its founding members was Jorian Jenks, author of ‘None Need Starve’ and agricultural advisor to Oswald Moseley’s British Union of Fascists. Being a member of the Rural Reconstruction Association he researched and developed the principles of good husbandry. Jenks was editor of the Soil Associations journal, Mother Earth, which pioneered the organic movement. During this time he also met Walter Darre.  World War 2 bought suspicion on many of the Land Reform movements in England. Baden-Powell, after meeting the German ambassador Ribbentrop had even arranged for cycling tours of England for the Hitler Youth during the 1930’s. But Gardiner kept in contact with Darre during and after the war. Darre had been cleared of War crimes at the Nuremberg trials, despite American attempts to connect him with the Lebensburn. Darre had been an expert in the breeding of the Hanover horse (The White horse of the flags of Saxony, from which the Kentish white horse flag probably derived). Unaware of any such breeding programs – the Americans argued that the Hanover horse was code for Aryan Superman. Had they done any research into National Socialist animal protection laws, they would have seen some of Europe’s first Animal welfare laws. In fact Europe’s first wildlife sanctuary was in National Socialist Germany. The Nazis also introduced other such animal welfare laws such as a ban on hunting with dogs, something much favoured by today’s leftist-greens, as well as a ban on vivisection.  It was clear that the National Socialist’s were clearly ahead of their time! The Reich introduced breeding programs for rare and endangered species. Today in Kent, the Konik horse being breed by the wildlife charity The Wildwood Trust, came from Poland and where saved from extinction by the Nazi’s. Darre and his wife both held anti-christian views, and Darre often sent farmers across Germany pagan calendars, noting important dates in the Germanic pagan world. Darre was credited as being the ‘Father of the Greens’ by his biographer Anne Bramwell. Darre and Himmler also founded organic farms, which grew herbs for medicinal use.